Commercial vehicles are mainly used to bring benefits to the vehicle owner. The focus is therefore not on motor vehicle pleasure, but rather on a concrete use. The Federal Motor Transport Authority (KBA) defines the commercial vehicle Registered as a:
“Cars, which is determined by the design and correlation means for transporting persons, for transporting goods and / or drawing of trailers.” Thus, a commercial vehicle carries passengers or goods or pulls trailers. This can be not only a truck, but also every car. The KBA, however, explicitly excludes cars from its definition. In the definition of a passenger car, however, the Office also lists multipurpose vehicles, pick-ups and hospitals – which can without any doubt be attributed to the Commercial Vehicle Division.
Which types of vehicles belong to the commercial vehicles, therefore, do not appear to be clear, even among the highest ranking and registration statistics workers in the country. In the following guide we want to bring light into the thicket of the commercial vehicle definitions, commercial vehicle types and the most important commercial vehicle figures.
Commercial vehicles are diverse and offer solutions for every transport task. No other means of transport is as flexible as possible with the highest quality and offers a concept tailored to every transport requirement. Commercial vehicles whether transports, distribution vehicles for the supply of inner cities or heavy trucks for long-distance transport, have become an innovation provider in the automotive industry. The commercial vehicle is also at the front in passenger transport and the omnibus is the most environmentally-friendly means of transport for people. The German commercial vehicle industry – vehicle manufacturers as well as the manufacturers of trailers and superstructures – sets the global benchmark for maximum economy and quality, technological leadership and environmental awareness.
The commercial vehicle sector is a very important economic activity in our economy. The commercial vehicle is responsible for more than 70 percent of the total freight traffic in Germany. In many cases technically highly specialized and complex solutions are required, which require specific know-how.
Commercial vehicles and the most important key figures
Now the question is open, on which key figures it is possible to see what a commercial vehicle can do. Since these are primarily intended for the transport of persons and goods, the key figures for the payload (payload) and the load volume play a key role here.
Key figures for weight and payload
- Empty weight – While there are many definitions for the empty weight, the weight of the vehicle is meant in its basic state. The empty weight thus includes the masses of all utensils (war-lock, junction box, etc.) and all the necessary liquids (fuel, lubricant, etc.) and the driver’s weight; It is usually assumed to be 75 kilos.
- Total allowable weight – The sum of the un-laden weight and the maximum payload of a vehicle (or combination of vehicle and trailer).
- Axle load – This is the percentage of the total weight of a vehicle that is loaded on a particular axle. The axle load is usually given in tonnes.